On June 7, 2012, the Italian Rugby Federation assumed ownership of the name "Zebre" for the new federally run franchise based in Parma that took part in the Celtic Championship and European Cups against top teams from Ireland, Wales, Scotland, Italy, and from 2017 South Africa as well.
In the summer of 2014, on the eve of the third Guinness PRO12 season, the suffix "Rugby" was added next to the name Zebre.
From 2015 to 2017, Zebre Rugby experienced two seasons of competitive and corporate activity under the direction of a pool of private individuals with the support of the Italian Rugby Federation. In the 2015/16 season, the white-blacks achieved 8 victories by qualifying for the 2016/17 EPCR Champions Cup, Europe's most prestigious club cup.
In the summer of 2017, the management of the franchise returned totally under the Italian Rugby Federation, which formed the new club Zebre Rugby Club that participated in the Guinness PRO14 -in the new format with the introduction of two South African teams- and the EPCR Challenge Cup. Zebre introduced their new multicolor zebra color scheme in order to represent the colors of all clubs in the Italian movement in Europe and South Africa.
The 2017/18 season is along with the 2015/16 season the most victorious in the club's history, with 8 overall wins between the Celtic Championship and Challenge Cup, including 7 in the Guinness PRO14 (a Zebre Rugby record).